When Procedure is Used
Inguinal hernias occur in males of all ages. In newborns and young boys, they are the result of a weakness in the abdominal muscles. Adult men can also develop inguinal hernias, and they can be caused by heavy lifting, straining during a bowel movement, or obesity. Inguinal hernias can eventually become “trapped” in place and pressure may even cause the blood supply to the trapped tissue to be cut off. At this point, the hernia can become very dangerous and even life-threatening.
You will most likely be given general anesthesia to make sure your body is relaxed and you are asleep during the procedure, but some inguinal hernias can be repaired with only local anesthetic. Your surgeon will then make one incision in order to move the tissue, intestine, or other organs back to their proper place before using stitches to close the site where the hernia had pushed through your abdominal muscles. In some instances, a small patch of mesh will be sewn to the tissue as well in order to stabilize the area until it has healed fully.
The risk of complications is very low. However, potential risks might include
- allergic reactions to medications
- nerve damage
- bleeding or blood clots
- injury to surrounding tissues
- prevention of further complications from the hernia
- elimination of pain and discomfort