Anesthesia Used in Your Procedure

All types of anesthesia are administered to keep you comfortable and pain free during surgery, medical procedures or tests. But there are some key differences. The type you receive will depend on factors like the procedure, your health and your preference. The care provided by your anesthesiologist(s) will maximize your safety and minimize risk during your procedure. Every attempt is made to reduce the physical and mental stress associated with all procedures. This can enhance the perioperative experience as well as the healing process. whensecondscount/anesthesia-101/ types-of-anesthesia  

Please Note: Not all complications are addressed in this discussion. You will have the opportunity to ask questions or voice concerns with your surgeon and anesthesiologist prior to surgery. American Society of Anesthesiologists’ Anesthesia 101  

By having any of the following factors may increase your anesthesia risk. These items will be asked about during your Clinical Nurse Liaison (CNL) during the Patient Screening Process and reviewed by your anesthesiologist during your Pre-Op screening.

  • Personal or Family History
  • Allergies to anesthesia or a history of adverse reactions to anesthesia
  • Diabetes
  • Heart disease (angina, valve disease, heart failure or a previous heart attack)
  • High blood pressure
  • Kidney problems
  • Liver problems
  • Lung conditions (asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD)
  • Malignant hyperthermia
  • Obesity
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Stroke
  • Seizures or other neurological disorders
  • Smoking
  • Alcoholic Beverages: drinking two or more alcoholic beverages a day

Note: Not all complications are addressed in this discussion. You will have the opportunity to ask questions or voice concerns with your surgeon and anesthesiologist prior to surgery. Nerve blocks are a method to help manage pain after surgery. They differ from pain pills by temporarily decreasing the body’s ability to sense pain in the operative limb rather than affecting the whole body. Nerve blocks have existed for many years, but have become more popular due to technological advances and use of ultrasound, making them easier to perform, safer and more reliable. Your orthopedic surgeon and anesthesiologist will make this option available to you if appropriate prior to surgery.


There are two types of Nerve Blocks:

  • Lower Extremity saphenous (also known as adductor canal and selective femoral), and popliteal (also known as selective sciatic).
  • Upper Extremity – axillary, supraclavicular and interscalene. The interscalene blocks the “brachial plexus” bundle for shoulder surgery rendering the arm mostly free of sensation and motion.

During Pre-Op you will meet with your anesthesiologist. They will review your medical history, complete physical examination and discuss any concerns or questions you may have regarding anesthesia. At this time you will be asked to sign and date the Patient Consent for Anesthesia. Below is an overview of the consent for you to read and review prior to your surgery.

I understand that:

  • I need anesthesia services for the procedure(s), and the type of anesthesia will depend upon the procedure and my physical condition.
  • Conditions may arise that require additional or different anesthetic monitoring or techniques the anesthesiologist may provide and/or obtain any other necessary service for my benefit and well-being.
  • My anesthetic may be provided by an anesthesiologist, other than those named here.
  • No guarantees of outcomes have been made by anyone regarding anesthesia services.
  • I understand that residents, nurses or students may participate in my care under the direction of my Anesthesiologist.

I have been given the opportunity to ask questions about my anesthesia. I feel that I have been given sufficient information regarding the anesthesia choices indicated about, to give the information consent. I agree to the administration of the anesthesia prescribed for me. I recognize the alternative to acceptance of anesthesia might be no anesthesia for the procedure or cancellation of the procedure.