Cystoscopy (Bladder Scope)

During a cystoscopy, your doctor is able to see inside your bladder and the urethra, which is the tube that carries urine from your bladder to the outside of your body. The examination is conducted using a cystoscope, which is a small hollow tube with a camera on the end. If you have kidney stones or something else preventing urine from leaving your kidneys, stents, or small tubes, may also be placed in your ureter, which connects your kidneys to your bladder, during the procedure.

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Provider List

2900 12th Avenue North #160W
Billings, MT 59101
(406) 237-5400

When Procedure is Used

Cystoscopies are performed if there are concerning symptoms such as blood in your urine or recurring urinary tract infections. They are also used to diagnose and treat other conditions such as bladder cancer, stones, and inflammation. In men, a cystoscopy can also be used to diagnose an enlarged prostate.

The insertion of stents is done during a cystoscopy if there are kidney stones or other blockages preventing urine from leaving the kidneys.

During Procedure

After being given general anesthesia, the doctor will insert the cystoscope. Your bladder will be filled with a harmless contrast solution in order to give your doctor a better view, and this solution will likely make it feel as though you have to urinate. The doctor will examine your bladder and urethra, and small instruments can simultaneously be used to place stents in your ureters if necessary. Once the doctor has completed the examination and placed any stents, the cystoscope will be removed and you will be able to expel the contrast from your body.


The risk of complications is very low. However, potential risks might include

  • bleeding
  • infection
  • injury to surrounding tissues
  • frequent and/or urgent urination due to stents


  • minimally invasive way to examine the bladder and urethra and diagnose problems
  • fewer complications from kidney stones

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