When Procedure is Used
Cystoscopies are performed if there are concerning symptoms such as blood in your urine or recurring urinary tract infections. They are also used to diagnose and treat other conditions such as bladder cancer, stones, and inflammation. In men, a cystoscopy can also be used to diagnose an enlarged prostate.
The insertion of stents is done during a cystoscopy if there are kidney stones or other blockages preventing urine from leaving the kidneys.
After being given general anesthesia, the doctor will insert the cystoscope. Your bladder will be filled with a harmless contrast solution in order to give your doctor a better view, and this solution will likely make it feel as though you have to urinate. The doctor will examine your bladder and urethra, and small instruments can simultaneously be used to place stents in your ureters if necessary. Once the doctor has completed the examination and placed any stents, the cystoscope will be removed and you will be able to expel the contrast from your body.
The risk of complications is very low. However, potential risks might include
- injury to surrounding tissues
- frequent and/or urgent urination due to stents
- minimally invasive way to examine the bladder and urethra and diagnose problems
- fewer complications from kidney stones